Instruction to authors


Authors should submit only Word by the ONLINE MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION SYSTEM.

Work submitted for publication must be original, previously unpublished, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere. If previously published figures, tables, or parts of text are to be included, the copyright-holder’s permission must have been obtained prior to submission.


All submissions should be accompanied by a cover letter that includes a brief overview of the manuscript and the corresponding and contacting author contact information including full name, e-mail address, phone number, and mailing address (corresponding author and contacting author). It should also specify the number of display items (figures and tables), the number of attachments (manuscript, figures, Supplementary Information if any), and their formats.

It must include a statement indicating that the article has not been published in another publication and is not being submitted simultaneously to another journal.


General: Papers must be clearly written in English. If you would like additional help with the quality of your written English, including grammar, spelling, and language usage you can use different softwares like grammerly, ginger etc.


Format of Research Articles

The manuscript should be typed, single-spaced on standard-sized A4 paper with 1" margins on all sides. Times New Roman font 12 pt should be used. The prescribed word count for original research article and review articles are up to 3000 words including tables, references and abstract.

Title: Should be in Title Case; the first character in each word in the title has to be capitalized.


An original research article typically should include the following in the order given below:




Materials and Methods

Results including Tables and/or Figures



Acknowledgements [if any]


Appendixes [if necessary]

Abbreviations used [if necessary]


Abstract: Should be structured with the following headings for an original article: context, objective, materials and methods, results, discussion and conclusion and limited to 200-300 Words.


Key words: No more than six keywords are needed. Words appearing in the title should not be given as keywords.

Introduction: Description of the research area, pertinent background information, and the hypotheses tested in the study should be included under this section. The introduction should provide sufficient background information such that a scientifically literate reader can understand and appreciate the work to be described. Introduction should be precise and a detailed review of literature is not at all required under this section.

Materials and Methods: Materials and/or subjects utilized in the study as well as the procedures undertaken to complete the work. The methods should be described in sufficient detail such that they could be repeated by a competent researcher.

The sources of all major instruments and reagents used must be given with parentheses. Illustrations and/or tables may be helpful in describing complex equipment or elaborate procedures. The statistical tool used to analyze the data should be mentioned. All procedures involving experimental animals or human subjects must accompany a statement on ethical approval from appropriate ethics committee along with the Institutional Animal Ethics Committee (IAEC) approval number or letter.

Results: Data acquired from the research with appropriate statistical analysis described in the methods section should be included in this section. The results section should highlight the important results obtained. Data should be organized into figures and tables. Qualitative as well as quantitative results should be included, if applicable.

Discussion: This section should relate the results section to current understanding of the scientific problems being investigated in the field. Description of relevant references to other work/s in the field should be included here.

Conclusion: This section allows the author to discuss the significance of the results - i.e. does the data support the hypotheses you set out to test? This section should end with new answers/questions that arise as a result of the author’s work.

Tables and Figures


Tables must be numbered according to their order in which they are cited in the text. They should have a brief descriptive title placed at the top. A short description is also accepted. Footnotes can be included below the table with bold letters. Tables cannot duplicate data contained in the text. Tables must be sent in Microsoft Word and have no links to the main document or other archives. Provide files at approximately the correct size they are to be printed (letter size).

Figures: Figures should be supplied in an electronic format at a suitable size for printing; resolutions of images should be in good printable form. Please ensure that the prepared electronic image files print at a legible size and are of a high quality for publication.

References: At the end of the paper, in the References section the literature should be arranged in alphabetical order. If they have the same author, they should be in chronological order. Cross-referencing should be done in [] brackets in the body of manuscript.





It is expected that these articles would be written by individuals who have done substantial work on the subject or are considered experts in the field. A short summary of the work done by the contributor(s) in the field of review should accompany the manuscript.


The prescribed word count is up to 2500-3500 words including tables, references and abstract. The manuscript may have about 50-70 references.


For a review article, abstract should be structured as follows: context, objective, methods (including data sources, study selection and data extraction), results and conclusion.

Authors submitting review article should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract.

The journal expects the contributors to give post-publication updates on the subject of review. The update should be brief, covering the advances in the field after the publication of the article and should be sent as a letter to editor, as and when major development occurs in the field.




New, interesting and rare cases can be reported. They should be unique, describing a great diagnostic or therapeutic challenge and providing a learning point for the readers. Cases with clinical significance or implications will be given priority. These communications could be of up to 1000 words (including Abstract and references) and could be supported with up to 8 references. Case Reports could be authored by up to four authors and should have the following headings: Abstract (structured), Key-words, Introduction, Case report, Discussion, Reference, and Tables and Legends in that order.